von
Karman BL Calculation |

## Modelling the Flow characteristics of a channel

This method above is implemented in a Matlab script, with input being provided in the form of a coloured bitmap image constructed using Autocad. The bitmap is of a cross section of interest, and is created by using the mapping technique described here. It is then coloured using a specific key so as areas of differing bottom roughness are distinguishable.

The overall channel Manning number and velocity is input along
with various terms to aid the program in finding points of inflection.
The program runs under the assumption that the velocity at a given
point is influenced by that points proximity to the wall: the
interaction between the fluid at one point and that at another
is not modelled.

This drastically simplifies the calculation and has a profound
effect on calculation time over more complete finite difference
methods (the disadvantage is that this is another assumption to
add to a growing list of other ad hoc assumptions made during
Cole’s derivation).

The program uses values of dx and dy to discretise the geometry of the channel section, and then calculates a velocity profile in the vertical and horizontal directions at each station based on the slope of the element. The profile is first generated for the overall channel mannings number, and the results of this are then used as the freestream velocities for the caclulations which include roughness effects. In all, the boundary layer calculation module is called three times:

The output is a computed value of velocity at every point in the channel in the channels axial direction.

## Tool

The The tool consists of Matlab Programme and instructions are contained within the file. |

- Inputs: coloured (16 Windows Cols) bitmap .bmp file; dx, dy; tolerance for finding turning pts.; Manning number; Slope; bulk flow velocity
- Outputs: velocity distribution

## References

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2 | UK Hydrographic Office: Admiralty Charts & Publications.
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3 | Black & Veatch Ltd., The Carbon Trust: Phase 1 &
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4 | Scottish Enterprise: Marine Renewable (Wave and Tidal)
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10 | GARRETT, C. Frictional Processes in Straits. 2004.
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11 | GROSS, T.F., Momentum and Energy Transfer in the Oceanic
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12 | LERMUSIAUX, P.F.J. and ROBINSON, A.R., Features of Dominant
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13 | LU, Y., et al., Turbulence Characteristics in a Tidal
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14 | MUNSEN, B., et al., Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics.
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17 | VENNELL, R., Observations of the Phase of Tidal Currents
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18 | VENNELL, R., Oscillating Barotropic Currents Along Short
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19 | WARNER, J., et al., Effects of Tidal Current Phase at
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20 | WHITE, F.M., Viscous Fluid Flow. 2 ed. Mcgraw-Hill
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21 | WINTERS, K.B. and SEIM, H.E., The Role of Dissipation
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22 | YOUYO, L., et al., Turbulence Characteristics in a Tidal
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Karman BL Calculation |

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