Masters Group project focused on sustainable energy for development
Energy Challenges in Developing Communities
**For best viewing, please use Google Chrome**
We are a group of five students studying for an MSc in Sustainable Engineering: Renewable Energy Systems and the Environment.
This website is a showcase of our project which is focused on Energy for Development.
"Modern energy services are crucial to human well-being and to a country's economic development;
and yet globally 1.2 billion people are without access to electricity and more than 2.7 billion people are without clean cooking facilities"
This quote from the International Energy Agency shows the scale of the global challenge to give people access to energy.
The World Health Organisation states that cooking-related air pollution causes 4 million people to die prematurely every year.
Affordable and clean energy is therefore one of the UN Sustainable Development Goals as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
We feel that renewable energy has an important role to play in providing energy access for all. Today, there are many
organisations trying to tackle energy issues in developing countries; however, projects do not always succeed due to design, implementation or maintenance issues.
The challenge is to ensure that these projects will be long-lasting and sustainable. Our project aims to address this, by developing a
methodology for the design of renewable energy systems in off-grid, developing communities.
Pangboche in Nepal is the case study used in the project
Remote developing communities are often without electricity
The following renewable energy technologies are considered within the methodology to address development goals of communities:
Use: cooking and heating
Biomass is traditionally used in many countries and causes health problems related to poor indoor air quality from open fires.
Clean alternatives can include biogas and improved cook stoves (ICS).
Pico and micro hydro technologies (<5 and 100kW respectively) can be used for mechanical processes, such as pumping water, or it can be used to power to generate electricity.
Use: electricity and water heating
Solar thermal and PV can provide water heating and electricity for lighting and small appliances in countries with high solar irradiance.
Use: demand optimisation
Simple housing upgrades such as shading or insulation can reduce demand for heating and cooling of buildings.
Small wind turbine designs, such as the Hugh Piggot turbines, can be used for powering lighting and small electrical appliances.
Use: electricity and heating
Due to the stochastic nature of renewable energy, for a consistent supply some form of energy storage is required. The most common forms are batteries and biofuels.
Meet the team